The main abiotic factors found in most every environment are:

Sunlight, water, temperature, soil, wind, and severe disturbances.


Sunlight:

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Provides light, warmth, and energy.


Water:
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Essential to all life on earth. The earth is made up of 70% water.

Water can dissolve gasses & solutes, this helps keep things balanced.


Temperature:

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Most life exists between a fairly narrow range of temperatures between 0-50 degrees celcius.

Soil:
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The product of abiotic forces & the actions of living organisms on the rocks & minerals of Earth's crust.

Structure & chemical make up of soil & rock in an area affect the type of plants that grow there.


Wind:
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Moves clouds & rain over the Earth. Stirs up water in ponds, lakes, & streams.

Distrubutes pollon & seeds.

Severe Disturbances:
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Natural disasters. They are infrequent and organisms don't know how to adapt to them.